In literature, the use of bdelygmia in Rhetoric comes out as a stylistic device that authors/writers use for a variety for reasons. The term ‛bdelygmia’, meaning filth or nastiness, is greek in origins. Bdelygmia in Rhetoric means expression of vile hatred for someone, something, someplace, or some kind of action happening. Its place in literature as a stylistic device has been used since classical literature and still being practiced by modern writers.
The speaker often does this kind of expression in a flurry of explicit and even creative verbiage. It is important to distinguish between critiquing language, and the kind that can be termed as abusive hatred (bdelygmia). In the case of the latter, there is a clear break of control as the speaker launches into a fit of words expressing disgusted hate towards a person, object, or behavior.
Critiquing language usually is composed and rational, unlike the fiery fluid emotions offered by bdelygmia style of language. There are ways this stylistic device is used in rhetoric. First, it is used to evoke emotions from readers in a pathos kind of appeal – kind of like drawing in the reader to join in the emotion of hatred expressed by the speaker.
Done correctly the strong descriptive language vividly depicts the attitude of the speaker. When not used properly, and this is the second type of use of this literature device, it can antagonize the reader towards the attitudes and behavior and beliefs of the speaker. For example, a misogynistic rant of hatred against a defenseless old lady by a foul-mouthed large man will make readers sympathize with the lady, hate the man, even if the man is the hero of the story!
Writers use rhetoric in literature to advance and to set up conflicts/confrontations/discussions/and conversations between characters, all in the advancement of the story/plot. Writers combine rhetoric with bdelygmia speech to create/shape the visual image readers have of a certain kind of character. One famous example of a literary figure described in this rhetorical style is the famed mean grouch of Christmas, Mr. Grinch (How the Grinch Stole Christmas!), especially when described by others who abhor what this character does and stands for!
When bdelygmia in Rhetoric is used to express intolerant views of the speaker, it can lead to serious ramifications. This is especially true in real life politics (as it is also true in great works of literature), when political rhetoric creates condition of actual violence towards a minority group by the majority.
And since art imitates life just as life imitates art, bdelygmia rhetoric is both helpful and dangerous, depending on how it is used. As a rhetorical tool of literature, bdelygmia in Rhetoric can work for and/or against the writer depending on how its used and understood inside the context of the story.